Document Type : Research Paper
Department of Nanotechnology, Swarnandhra College of Engineering & Technology, Narsapur-534 280, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh, India
Department of Physics, Indian Arts & Science College, Tiruvannamalai (TN), India
Department of Nanoscience and Technology, Alagappa University, Karaikudi (TN), India
This study endeavors to investigate the influence of calcination temperatures (650, 750 & 850°C) on the strontium ferrite (SrFe2O4) nanoparticles synthesized by the co-precipitation method. The prepared powder samples were characterized by various measurement techniques such as X-ray diffractometer (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA), and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). Initially, the XRD patterns were confirmed the presence of spinel SrFe2O4 phases. Overall, the number of diffraction peaks increased due to the enhancement of calcination temperature. The SEM morphological features are shown the spherical-shaped nanoparticles with less agglomeration. Considerably, the agglomeration between the nanoparticles increased due to the higher calcination temperatures. However, the structural and morphological investigation was helpful and carried out for the TGA and VSM investigation. At 850°C calcination temperature, TGA revealed 5.8% of weight loss and VSM endorsed the magnetic properties such as high saturation magnetization (Ms), remanent magnetization (Mr) and coercivity (Hc) come out to be 37.26 emu/g, 19.788 emu/g and 6188.4 Oe, respectively.