Document Type: Research Paper
Electrical Engineering Department, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, I. R. Iran
Electrical Engineering Department, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, I. R. Iran
Application of quantum-dot is a promising technology for implementing digital systems at nano-scale. Quantum-dot Cellular Automata (QCA) is a system with low power consumption and a potentially high density and regularity. Also, QCA supports the new devices with nanotechnology architecture. This technique works based on electron interactions inside quantum-dots leading to emergence of quantum features and decreasing the problem of future integrated circuits in terms of size. In this paper, we will successfully design, implement and simulate a new 2-input and 3-input XOR gate (exclusive OR gate) based on QCA with the minimum delay, area and complexities. Then, we will use XOR gates presented in this paper, in 2-bit, 4-bit and 8-bit controllable inverter in QCA. Being potentially pipeline, the QCA technology calculates with the maximum operating speed. We can use this controllable inverter in the n-bit adder/subtractor and reversible gate.